Proddutur is a city Kadapa district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located on the banks of Penna River. The city is a municipality and also the mandal headquarters of Proddatur mandal.GeographyProddatur is on the banks of river Penna.Demographicscensus, the city had a population of 162,816. Proddatur is one of the most densely populated municipality in Andhrapradesh. The total population constitute, 81,368 males and 81,448 females —a sex ratio of 1001 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 15,516 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 7,999 are boys and 7,517 are girls—a ratio of 940 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 78.08% (male 86.02%; female 70.20%) with 115,011 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.The Urban agglomeration had a population of 217,895, of which males constitute 108,986, females represent 108,909 —a sex ratio of 999 females per 1000 men and 21,616 are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 147,156 literates with an average literacy rate of 74.97%.GovernanceCivic administrationProddatur municipality was formed in 1915. It was upgraded as a Special Grade Municipality in the year 1998. The jurisdiction of the municipality is spread over an area of 7.125km2.The city is one among the 31 cities in the state to be a part of water supply and sewerage services mission known as Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). As per National Urban Sanitation Policy, the city was ranked 327th in the country in 2009–10, with a total of 27.450 points.