Ratlam known historically as Ratnapuri is a city in the northwestern part of the Malwa region in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. The city of Ratlam lies 480 metres above sea level. It is the administrative headquarters of Ratlam district, which was created in 1947 after the independence of India. The most famous Jain tirth Bibrod Tirth and also Kalika Mata Temple, Isarthuni, Satrunda Mataji Temple, Bilpank Mahadev Temple Kedareshwar Temple, Cactus Gardan, and Hussain Tekri is situated here.Early historyThe state was founded in 1652 by a great grandson of Raja Udai Singh of Jodhpur, namely Raja Ratan Singhji, son of Mahesh Das of Jalor. The latter, father and son, had performed important military services for the Emperor Shah Jahan. In reward for their services and in recognition of their great deeds of valour, large territories in the south-western districts of Rajputana and northern Malwa were conferred on them. Their capital became Rattram named after Raj Ratan Singh and his first son Ram Singh as "Ratram", which later got translated to Ratlam.Maharaja Ratan Singh 1652/1658, courageous in youth, he gained Padshah Shah Jahans notice by calming the Emperors favourite elephant which had run amok in the Agra Palace Garden, fought for the Emperor against the Persians in Kabul and Qandahar, later in 1652, the Emperor substituted Jalore for the pargana of Ratlam and many other areas, and he became the first Raja of Ratlam, in 1658 a false rumour of the death of the Emperor resulted in a frenzied scramble for succession to the throne amongst his sons. Dara Shikoh who was officiating for his father, sent a combined army of Rajputs and Muslims under the command of Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur, against his brother Aurangzeb. The Maharaja, as head of the Rathore clan, was persuaded to hand over command of the Imperial army to Maharaja Ratan Singh. Non-cooperation by the Muslim commanders resulted in the army sustaining heavy losses in the fierce battle at Dharmat, as well as the death of Ratan Singh (said to have sustained 80 sword wounds on his body), he married (amongst others), Maharani Sukhroopde Kanwar Shekhawat Ji Sahiba, daughter of Kunwar Purshottam Das of Jhajhar, and had issue. He died 1658 in battle at Dharmat near Ujjain. still shree ji Maharaj Natwar singh ji of ratlam from his family living in jaipur.