Ramanagara is a town and a city municipal council in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is also the headquarters of Ramanagara district.The town was known as Shamserabad at the ruling time of Tippu Sultan. It was then called Closepet, after Sir Barry Close (1756–1813) in pre-Independence times. This name is retained in geology. Then Closepet was called as Ramanagara. Ramanagara's name was based on the historical story of the ramayana. Rama visited this place during its vanavasa and stayed on the hills now its called ramadevara betta.GeographyRamanagara is approximately 50 km southwest of Bengaluru. It has an average elevation of 747 metres (2450 feet). district has 4 taluk's Ramanagara Kanakapura Channapatna Magadi Ramanagara is located on the Bengaluru-Mysuru highway National Highway 275, and State Highway 3DemographicsIndia census, Ramanagara had a population of 79,365. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Ramanagara has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 58%. In Ramanagar,13% of the population is under 6 years of age.