Nighwan is a large village located in Kurtha of Arwal district, Bihar with total 1233 families residing. The Nighwan village has population of 7279 of which 3715 are males while 3564 are females as per Population Census 2011. In Nighwan village population of children with age 0-6 is 1279 which makes up 17.57 % of total population of village. Average Sex Ratio of Nighwan village is 959 which is higher than Bihar state average of 918. Child Sex Ratio for the Nighwan as per census is 1053, higher than Bihar average of 935. Nighwan village has lower literacy rate compared to Bihar. In 2011, literacy rate of Nighwan village was 61.20 % compared to 61.80 % of Bihar. In Nighwan Male literacy stands at 71.70 % while female literacy rate was 50.03 %. As per constitution of India and Panchyati Raaj Act, Nighwan village is administrated by Sarpanch (Head of Village) who is elected representative of village. Nighwan Data Particulars Total Male Female Total No. of Houses 1,233 - - Population 7,279 3,715 3,564 Child (0-6) 1,279 623 656 Schedule Caste 1,534 802 732 Schedule Tribe 1 1 0 Literacy 61.20 % 71.70 % 50.03 % Total Workers 2,365 1,665 700 Main Worker 1,445 0 0 Marginal Worker 920 616 304 Caste Factor Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 21.07 % while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 0.01 % of total population in Nighwan village. Work Profile In Nighwan village out of total population, 2365 were engaged in work activities. 61.10 % of workers describe their work as Main Work (Employment or Earning more than 6 Months) while 38.90 % were involved in Marginal activity providing livelihood for less than 6 months. Of 2365 workers engaged in Main Work, 223 were cultivators (owner or co-owner) while 991 were Agricultural labourer.