Hamirpur is a town and the district headquarters of Hamirpur district in the Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh, India. Hamirpur is located in a relatively colder region in western Himachal Pradesh with a lower altitude as compared to the other districts of the state. It is bordered by Kangra to the north, Mandi to the east, Bilaspur to the south and Una to the west.
The exact geographical co-ordinates of Hamirpur is 31.68°N 76.52°E, and the average elevation is 738 m (2,421 ft).
Hamirpur is mainly a hilly terrain.
As of 2001 India census,
Number of Households 4,090
Average number of persons per Household 4.0
Proportion of Urban Population (%) 100
Sex Ratio 850
Sex Ratio(0-6 Year) 875
SC Population 2,663
Sex Ratio (SC) 817
Proportion of SC (%) 15.0
ST Population 129
Sex Ratio (ST) 817
Proportion of ST (%) 1.0
Literacy Rate (%) 89.0
History[edit source | editbeta]
Una and Hamirpur were created mainly as a result of trifurcation of the erstwhile Kangra district on 1 September 1972, as a consequence where of two more new districts namely also from the then existing districts of Mahasu and Shimla, new districts of Shimla and Solan were formed by re-organising the boundaries of old districts.
Politics and Leaders[edit source | editbeta]
This segment of Himachal Pradesh is also known as politically hot segment in state politics. BJP had a greater influence on this particular region. In 1967, Kanshiram Thakur elected as first non congress MLA from this segment, Ramesh Verma of congress remain MLA from 1972 to 1977. Later in 1977, an advocate by profession Thakur Jagdev Chand (Nephew of Kanshiram Thakur) became the MLA of Hamirpur by defeating Ramesh Verma.
Thakur Jagdev Chand was a stalwart political figure of Himachal Pradesh, represented this constituency till December, 1993. Thakur Jagdev Chand died on 6 December 1993 just after a week he won his 5th election in a row, Thakur was the only minister in Shanta Kumar's cabinet who managed the victory whereas Shanta Kumar himself and rest of his cabinet were defeated in 1993 assembly elections. BJP just bagged 7 seats, Narinder Thakur (son of Jagdev Chand) contested unsuccessful bi-election in 1994, to whom BJP selected after his father sudden demise. Anita Verma of congress remained MLA till 1998. In 1998, BJP offered ticket to Mrs. Urmil Thakur, elder daughter in law of Thakur, and she successfully contested the election and remained on the post till 2003. Family dispute lead to the defeat of Urmil Thakur as Mr. Narinder Thakur contested election as an independent candidate an attracted over 10000 votes (a huge number where total number of votes were around 50000). Anita Verma of Congress became MLA of Hamirpur second time and remained on the post till December 2007.
Present MLA Urmil Thakur managed the victory on the BJP ticket and won December 2007 election along with full support of her brother in law Narinder Thakur this time, with a margin of 6901 votes. The sitting Chief Minister of Hiamchal Pradesh, Prem Kumar Dhumal managed to be on the post of Chief Minister in 1998 because of the strong ground prepared under leadership of Jagdev Chand, who was considered as a strongest contender of the post of chief minister after 1993 victory. As a tribute to leader who contributed a lot for the state government opened a Government Degree College at Sujanpur and Town Hall at Hamirpur which were named after Thakur Jagdev Chand. A very senior RSS member Thakur Ram Singh opened a history research institute at Neri and is also named after late Thakur Jagdev. Almost two decades have passed since Thakur died but his legacy and name still have considerable vote bank. Politics of Hamirpur can change as Narinder Thakur has joined the congress since Oct, 2008 and had openly revolted against the sitting P.K Dhumal. Anurag Thakur who won parliament bi election with a huge margin 1.75lack Aug 2008, his record margin was dropped by 1 lack votes in just 8 months. In May 2009 elections he won by 73000 votes when he contested against new congress candidate Narinder Thakur, despite of the fact on remaining 3 parliament seats in Himachal BJP improved.
Education[edit source | editbeta]
Hamirpur is now considered as an educational hub of Himachal Pradesh it is the second educated region in India, male literacy is 91%, and female literacy is 76%.
University/Colleges[edit source | editbeta]
Hamirpur is home to the National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, a national level public technical university funded by the Government of India. It offers undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral programmes in engineering, science and management.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Memorial Government Postgraduate College; It offers undergraduate courses BA/BSc/BCom and few postgraduate courses in Social Sciences/Languages. This college is affiliated to Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla.
Government Polytechnic College Hamirpur; It offers three year diploma courses in Mechanical Engineering/Electrical engineering/Civil Engineering/Computer Engineering/Information Technology. This college is affiliated to Himachal Pradesh Board of Technical Education,Dari,Dharmshala.
Adrsh Sishu Sr.Sec. School
Schools[edit source | editbeta]
Following is the list of notable Institutes/schools:
Sainik School Sujanpur Tira (Boys). One of the 18 such schools in India, here the students are selected from after a written exam followed by interview and medical. The school is affiliated to CBSE Board and boasts of producing record breaking performance.
M.S.C. Senior Secondary School, Sujanpur Tira
Government Senior Secondary School (Boys)
Government Senior Secondary School (Girls)
GURUKUL PUBLIC SEN. SEC. SCHOOL
Blue Star School
Him Academy Public School
D.A.V Senior Secondary School,salasi
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Dungrin
Silver bells sen. sec. school
Hamirpur Public School
SD Public Sr. Sec. School
Govt. sen. sec. school chabutra
References[edit source | editbeta]
^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Hamirpur
^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.