Daltonganj is a town in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the headquarters of Palamu division and Palamu district, as well as the subdivision and block of the same name. The city is situated on the banks of the North Koel River.Origin of nameDaltonganj city is named after Colonel Edward Tuite Dalton, an anthropologist and the District commissioner of Chota Nagpur in 1861, during the British Raj who established this city.HistoryThe Chero dynasty ruled this region for a long period. The most famous among Chero rulers was Raja Medini Rai. Palamau Fort and Shahpur Fort are major historical landmarks in this area.GeographyDaltonganj is located at. It has an average elevation of 215m.The famous Betla National Park is located about 26 km from the city. This park is well known for tigers, and comes under the Palamau Tiger Project. Another scenic picnic spot nearby is Kechki, located about 18 km from Daltonganj, at the cofluence of the Koel River and the Auranga River. Netarhat, a scenic plateau covered with thick forests, is also situated near Daltonganj. It is a popular summer resort known for its picturesque sunrise and sunset.TransportDaltonganj railway station is a railway station for Medininagar.